During the Inca Empire, Ollantaytambo was the royal estate of Emperor Pachacuti who conquered the region, designed the city and a ceremonial center. At the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru it served as a defense for the Inca resistance. The valleys on Ollantaytambo are lined by an extensive set of agricultural terraces that bottom of the valleys and climb up the surrounding hills. The terraces permitted farming on otherwise unusable terrain. These days Ollantaytambo is a crucial tourer attraction and one amongst the foremost common beginning points for hike referred to as the Inca Trail.
The Longji or Dragon’s Backbone rice terraces were designed over five hundred years past throughout the Ming Dynasty. The terrace fields are found in Longsheng about a two hours drive from Guilin. From a distance, throughout the season, these winding terraces seem as if they were green woven cables laid out over the hillsides, starting at the riverbank and ending near the mountaintop. One can meander through the paddies and villages, greeting and being greeted by horses, pigs, chickens and hard working locals. These rice terraces are Longsheng’s answer to limited arable land and a scant water supply.
The Hani rice paddy steppes are placed below the villages on the aspect of the Ailao Mountains in Yuanyang, and are cultivated for over 1,000 years. Additionally carved by hand by the Hani individuals, these rice terraces have turned a barren side into a lush sub-tropical paradise. These terrace fields support enough rice and fish cultivation for many thousands of individuals. Water is saved within the crown forests, and channeled right down to the terraces for irrigation. The rice terraces are flooded from December to March, presenting a spectacular view to travelers.
Banaue Rice Terraces
Situated in the heartlands of the Cordilleras mountains of the Philippines and rising to an altitude of 1525 meters (5000 ft) are the Banaue Rice Terraces. The terraced fields were graven out by hand without fashionable tools by the Ifugao tribes and are manufacturing rice for pretty much 2,000 years. These terraces are therefore various, steep, and compact, that if stretched out end to end, they might wrap halfway round the globe. Lately, these under maintained rice terraces are showing their age, as more and more Ifugao tribes people are emigrating to the cities.
One of the foremost stunning and spectacular ancient sites within the world, Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 by Hawaiian historian Hiram Bingham once it lay hidden for hundreds of years above the Urubamba Valley in Peru. The “Lost town of the Incas” is invisible from below and utterly self-contained, encircled by agricultural terraces and patterned by natural springs.
Machu Picchu’s narrow terraces were made from stone blocks, with thousands of pathways and steps, connecting buildings, plazas and the cemetery. Water was channeled in via aqueducts that had been well-defined into the mountainside, for livestock and to irrigate crops of potatoes and corn. aren’t any growing crops nowadays on Machu Picchu’s terraces, however a spectacular site none the less.